“Johnson suggested that as non-white peoples being oppressed by Southern whites, they should empathize with black slaves. In reality, his suggestion would have greatly offended Cherokee leaders, whose claim to civilization had become about not being black. In an 1829 article in the Cherokee Phoenix, Elias Boudinot wrote that “Indians…are red, not black, and therefore cannot be treated with gross injustice like negro slaves.” Cherokee leaders used an emerging racial hierarchy to distinguish themselves from all blacks. In the end, Johnson did not directly condemn the ownership of slaves by Cherokees, but he criticized them for their willingness to support the institution through publication. He felt that they unwittingly assisted white slaveholders who wanted them removed to western lands.”
Cherokee Slaveholders and Radical Abolitionists: An Unlikely Alliance in Antebellum America” by: Natalie Joy
Posted December 23, 2011 at 8:05pm in slavery Cherokee Elias Boudinot Black Indians african-native american American Indian Native American Natalie Joy readings
It is impossible to say to which human family we belong. The larger part of the Native population has disappeared, Europeans have mixed with Indians and the Negroes, and Negroes have mixed with the Indians. We were all born of one mother America, though our fathers had different origins, and we all have differently colored skins. This dissimilarity is of the greatest significance.
— Simon Bolivar at the Congress of Angostura in 1819.(via Black Indians by William Loren Katz)
Posted November 16, 2011 at 1:29pm in the americas native americans american indians black indians william loren katz identity identity politics simon blivar readings
If you know I have a history, you will respect me,” a Black Indian student told a conference of New York teachers two decades ago. Her words still ring true. Those who assume that a people have no history worth mentioning are likely to believe they have no humanity worth defending. An historical legacy strengthens a country and its people. Denying a people’s heritage questions their legitimacy.
Posted November 16, 2011 at 1:28pm in william loren katz black indians identity identity politics race american indian native american rea readings
Posted November 16, 2011 at 1:27pm in black indians native american native american history black history american history american indian virginia readings
Posted November 15, 2011 at 12:04pm in Cherokee Cherokee Nation Tiya Miles readings Black Indians Black History black natives American History Afro-Native Afro-Indigenous American Indian afro-native afro-indigenous identity identity politics creek war trail of tears civil war Shoe Boots Doll
Posted November 15, 2011 at 11:43am in Afro-Indigenous Afro-Native American Indian Black Indians Cherokee Cherokee Nation Native American Oklahoma readings Circe Strum identity politics race culture identity